- 588 BC Nebuchadrezzar II of Babylon lays siege to Jerusalem under Zedekiah’s reign. The siege lasts until July 23, 586 BC.
- 1535 Henry VIII declares himself head of the Church in England
- 1559 Elizabeth I crowned Queen of England in Westminster Abbey
- 1759 British Museum opens in Montague House, London
- 1902 Abdulaziz Ibn Saud leads 40 men over the walls of Riyadh and takes the city, marking the beginning of the Third Saudi State
- 2001 Wikipedia a free Wiki or content encyclopedia is launched by Jimmy Wales and Larry Sanger