- 1146 Bernard of Clairvaux preaches his famous sermon in a field at Vézelay, urging the necessity of a Second Crusade. Louis VII is present, and joins the Crusade.
- 1492 Queen Isabella I of Castile and King Ferdinand II of Aragon issue the Alhambra Decree which expels Jews from their kingdoms
- 1657 English Parliament makes the Humble Petition to Lord Protector Oliver Cromwell offering him the crown: he declines
- 1920 British parliament accepts Irish Home Rule law