452: Italy invaded by Attila the Hun
793: Vikings in long ships from modern-day Norway plunder St Cuthbert’s monastery on Lindisfarne Island, off the northeast coast of England
1191: King Richard I of England arrives at Acre in modern day Israel to join the Siege of Acre during the Third Crusade
1783: Laki volcano in southern Iceland begins 8-month eruption, killing 10,000 and causing widespread famines throughout Asia and Europe
1789: James Madison introduces a proposed Bill of Rights in the US House of Representatives
1918: Nova Aquila, brightest nova since Kepler’s nova of 1604, discovered
1987: New Zealand’s Labour government legislates against nuclear weapons and nuclear powered vessels in NZ. Only nation to legislate against nuclear power.