• HISTORY
    23 October 2021: This day in history

    42 BC: Roman Republican civil wars: Second Battle of Philippi – Brutus’s army is decisively defeated by Mark Antony and Octavian. Brutus commits suicide. 1911: 1st aerial reconnaissance mission is flown by an Italian pilot over Turkish lines during the Italo-Turkish War 1942: During WWII, Britain launches major offensive at El Alamein, Egypt 1977: Paleontologist Elso Barghoorn announces discovery of a 3.4-billion year old one-celled fossil, […]

  • HISTORY
    22 October 2021: This day in history

    1633: Battle of Liaoluo Bay: Dutch East India Company defeated by Chinese Ming naval forces in southern Fujian sea 1721: Tsar Peter the Great becomes “All-Russian Imperator” 1879: Thomas Edison perfects carbonized cotton filament light bulb 1884: International Meridian Conference in Washington, D.C. adopts Greenwich Mean Time (GMT) worldwide, creating 24 international time zones with longitude zero at the Greenwich meridian 1907: Panic […]

  • HISTORY
    21 October 2021: This day in history

    1805: Battle of Trafalgar: British Admiral Horatio Nelson defeats combined French and Spanish fleet. Nelson shot and killed during battle. 1854: Florence Nightingale with a staff of 38 nurses is sent to the Crimean War 1944: World War II: US troops capture Aachen, 1st large German city to fall 1948: UN rejects Russian proposal to destroy atomic weapons 1950: Chinese forces occupy Tibet […]

  • HISTORY
    20 October 2021: This day in history

    1097: 1st Crusaders arrive in Antioch during the First Crusade 1603: Chinese uprising in the Philippines fails after 23,000 killed 1803: US Senate ratifies the Louisiana Purchase 1917: US suffragette Alice Paul begins a 7 month jail sentence for protesting women’s rights in Washington 1935: Communist forces end their Long March at Yan’an, in Shaanxi, China, bringing Mao Zedong to prominence 1944: US forces under […]

  • HISTORY
    19 October 2021: This day in history

    202 BC: Battle of Zama: Hannibal Barca and the Carthaginian army are defeated by Roman legions under Scipio Africanus, ending 2nd Punic War 1781: British forces under General Charles Cornwallis sign terms of surrender to George Washington and Comte de Rochambeau at Yorktown at 2 pm, ending the US Revolutionary War 1926: Russian Politburo throws out Leon Trotsky and his followers 1943: Streptomycin, the first antibiotic remedy for tuberculosis, […]

  • HISTORY
    18 October 2021: This day in history

    1009: The Church of the Holy Sepulchre in Jerusalem is destroyed by the Fatimid caliph Al-Hakim bi-Amr Allah, who hacks the Church’s foundations down to bedrock 1685: French King Louis XIV revokes Edict of Nantes cancelling rights of French Protestants 1867: Alaska Purchase: US takes formal possession of Alaska from Russia, having paid $7.2 million 1931: American gangster Al Capone convicted of tax […]

  • HISTORY
    17 October 2021: This day in history

    1854: French and British forces bombard Sevastopol for the first time during the Crimean War 1907: Guglielmo Marconi’s company begins the first commercial transatlantic wireless service between Glace Bay, Nova Scotia, Canada and Clifden, Ireland 1943: Burma railway completed, built by Allied POWs and Asian laborers for use of the Japanese army 1973: OPEC oil ministers use oil as an […]

  • HISTORY
    16 October 2021: This day in history

    1813: Battle of Leipzig, largest battle in Europe prior to WWI, Napoleon’s forces defeated by Prussia, Austria and Russia 1900: Great Britain and Germany sign the Anglo-German Treaty, agreeing to maintain territorial integrity of China and support ‘open door’ policy called for by US Secretary of State 1934: Mao Zedong and 25,000 troops begin their 6,000 mile Long March from […]

  • HISTORY
    15 October 2021: This day in history

    1581: Commissioned by Catherine de’ Medici, the 1st ballet “Ballet Comique de la Reine” is staged in Paris 1582: Gregorian calendar introduced in Spain, Portugal and pontifical states, after skipping 10 days after Oct 4 to sync the calendar 1815: Napoleon Bonaparte arrives on island of St Helena to begin his exile 1969: Vietnam Moratorium Day; millions nationwide protest the war 1993: Nelson […]

  • HISTORY
    14 October 2021: This day in history

    1066: Battle of Hastings: William, Duke of Normandy and his Norman army defeat the English forces of Harold II who is killed in the battle 1322: Robert the Bruce of Scotland defeats King Edward II of England at Byland, forcing Edward to accept Scotland’s independence 1774: 1st Continental Congress makes Declaration of Colonial Rights in Philadelphia 1867: 15th and last Tokugawa Shogun, Tokugawa Yoshinobu […]