1587: Queen Elizabeth I of England signs death warrant for her cousin, Mary, Queen of Scots
1843: Oldest continuous writer of insurance in America – The Mutual Life Insurance Company of New York (MONY) opens
1884: 1st volume of the Oxford English Dictionary, A-Ant, published
1908: King Carlos I of Portugal and his heir, Prince Luis Filipe are assassinated by Republican sympathizers in Terreiro do Paco, Lisbon
1968: Saigon police chief Nguyễn Ngọc Loan executes Viet Cong officer Nguyễn Văn Lém with a pistol shot to head. The execution is captured by photographer Eddie Adams and becomes an anti-war icon.
1979: Ayatollah Khomeini returns to Iran after 15 years in exile
2003: Space Shuttle Columbia disintegrates during reentry into the Earth’s atmosphere, killing all seven astronauts aboard.
2021: Military stage a coup in Myanmar, detaining civilian leaders including Aung San Suu Kyi and declare a one-year state of emergencySource: Onthisday.com