1715: King Louis XIV of France dies after a reign of 72 years—the longest of any major European monarch.
1878: 1st female telephone operator starts work, Emma Nutt for the Edwin Holmes Telephone Despatch Company in Boston
1905: Wilfrid Laurier oversees Alberta and Saskatchewan joining the Confederation of Canada
1939: World War II starts when Germany invades Poland by attacking the Free City of Danzig
1941: Jews living in Germany are required to wear a yellow star of David
1951: US, Australia and New Zealand sign the ANZUS mutual defense treaty
1969: Colonel Muammar Gaddafi deposes King Idris in the Libyan revolution