1014: Pope Benedict VIII crowns Henry II Holy Roman Emperor
1076: Pope Gregory VII excommunicates Holy Roman Emperor Henry IV (for the 1st time)
1797: The Battle of Cape St Vincent: British fleet under Admiral Sir John Jervis defeats larger Spanish fleet under Admiral Don José de Córdoba y Ramos near Cape St. Vincent, Portugal. Captain Horatio Nelson distinguishes himself.
1876: Alexander G. Bell & Elisha Gray apply separately for telephone patents Supreme Court eventually rules Bell rightful inventor
1929: St Valentine’s Day Massacre in Chicago, 7 gangsters killed, allegedly on Al Capone’s orders
1971: Richard Nixon installs secret taping system in the White House