1066: William the Conqueror’s troops set sail from Normandy for conquest of England
1290: Earthquake in the Gulf of Chihli (Bohai Sea) near China, reportedly kills 100,000 people
1540: Society of Jesus (Jesuits) founded by Ignatius Loyola confirmed by Pope Paul III in Rome
1779: John Adams negotiates Revolutionary War peace terms with Great Britain
1821: Mexican revolutionary forces led by Agustín de Iturbide occupy Mexico City as Spanish withdraw, bringing an end to the Mexican War of Independence
1822: French scholar Jean-François Champollion announces he has deciphered Egyptian hieroglyphics using the Rosetta Stone
1905: The physics journal Annalen der Physik publishes Albert Einstein’s paper “Does the Inertia of a Body Depend Upon Its Energy Content?”, introducing the equation E=mc².
1908: Henry Ford’s first Ford Model T automobile leaves the Piquette Plant in Detroit, Michigan