1065: Westminster Abbey Consecrated in London
1612: First observation of Neptune – Galileo observes and records a “fixed star” without realising it is a planet
1767: King Taksin crowned King of Thailand and establishes Thonburi as his capital
1836: Spain recognizes the independence of Mexico
1860: Harriet Tubman arrives in Auburn, New York, on her last mission to free slaves, having evaded capture for 8 years on the Underground Railroad
1908: Earthquake strikes Messina in Italy, killing nearly 80,000
1943: All Kalmyk inhabitants of the Republic of Kalmukkie deported by the Soviet Union to Central Asia and Siberia. Many die en route.