1238: The Mongols burn the Russian city of Vladimir
1301: Edward of Caernarfon (later Edward II) becomes the first (English) Prince of Wales
1842: Battle of Debre Tabor: Ras Ali Alula, Regent of the Emperor of Ethiopia defeats warlord Wube Haile Maryam of Semien
1856: Colonial Tasmanian Parliament passes the 1st piece of legislation (the Electoral Act of 1856) anywhere in the world providing for elections by way of a secret ballot
1991: The IRA launches a mortar attack on 10 Downing Street during a cabinet meeting.
1992: Maastricht Treaty signed by 12 countries from the European Community (EC) to create the European Union (EU)