363: Roman Emperor Julian is killed during retreat from the Sassanid Empire. General Jovian is proclaimed Emperor by troops on the battlefield.
1794: Battle of Fleurus: major victory by forces of the First French Republic under General Jean-Baptiste Jourdan over the Coalition Army (Great Britain, Hanover, Dutch Republic, and Habsburgs) first use of reconnaissance balloon
1857: The first 62 recipients are awarded the Victoria Cross for valour in the Crimean war by Queen Victoria
1917: 1st US troops arrive in France during World War I
1945: United Nations Charter signed by 50 nations in San Francisco
2016: Panama Canal’s third set of locks opens for commercial traffic, doubling the Canal’s capacity at an estimated cost of $5.25 billion