1508: Maximilian I proclaimed Holy Roman Emperor, 1st Emperor in centuries not to be crowned by the Pope
1778: France recognizes USA, signs Treaty of Alliance in Paris, 1st US treaty
1819: Stamford Raffles founds Singapore as a British trading port
1840: The Treaty of Waitangi is signed between 40 Māori Chiefs (later signed by 500) and representatives of the British crown in Waitangi, New Zealand. The treaty was designed to share sovereignty between the two groups.
1952: Queen Elizabeth II succeeds King George VI to the British throne and proclaimed Queen of the United Kingdom and the other Commonwealth realms including Canada, Australia and New Zealand
1989: Solidarity union leader Lech Wałęsa begins negotiating with Polish government