3114: BC Date Maya/Mesoamerican Long Count Calendar starts dating from (as corresponds to the Julian Calendar).
1522: Ferdinand Magellan’s Spanish expedition aboard the Vitoria returns to Spain without their captain. First to circumnavigate the earth.
1666: After St Paul’s Cathedral and much of the city had been burned down over four days, The Great Fire of London is finally extinguished.
1901: US President William McKinley is shot by Leon Czolgosz, an anarchist, while visiting the Pan-American Exposition in New York
1909: New York Times headline announces American explorer Robert Peary had discovered the North Pole 5 months earlier
1914: World War I: First Battle of the Marne begins, French and British forces prevent German advance on Paris (till the 12th Sept)
1916: 1st true supermarket, the “Piggly Wiggly” is opened by Clarence Saunders in Memphis, Tennessee