30 January 2022: This day in history

1661: Oliver Cromwell, Lord Protector of the Commonwealth of England is ritually executed after having been dead for two years

1815: Burned US Library of Congress re-established with Thomas Jefferson’s 6,500 volumes

1902: Britain and Japan sign a treaty after months of negotiating which commits each country to supporting an independent China and Korea, although it acknowledges Japan’s ‘special interest’ in Korea

1933: President Paul von Hindenburg appoints Adolf Hitler as Reich Chancellor of Germany who forms a government with Franz von Papen

1939: Adolf Hitler threatens Jews during his speech to the German Reichstag (Parliament)

1948: Mahatma Gandhi assassinated by Hindu extremist Nathuram Godse

1965: State funeral for Winston Churchill at St Paul’s Cathedral in London; at the time, the world’s largest ever state funeral

1972: Bloody Sunday: 27 unarmed civilians are shot (14 are killed) by the British Army during a civil rights march in Derry, Northern Ireland; this is the highest death toll from a single shooting incident during ‘the Troubles’


Source: Onthisday.com

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